The motive for the attack remains unclear.
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The RV sent out a recorded message urging the area to be evacuated and saying it would explode in 15 minutes. There will be daily ceremonies with food, decorations and other cultural objects, such as the kinara, which holds seven candles.
At many Kwanzaa ceremonies, there is also African drumming and dancing. It is a time of communal self-affirmation — when famous Black heroes and heroines, as well as late family members — are orving. As a scholar who has written about racially motivated violence against Blacks, directed Black cultural centers on college campuses and sponsored numerous Kwanzaa celebrations, I understand the importance of this holiday.
However, Kwanzaa, the holiday, did not exist in Africa. Translated these are: unity, self-determination, collective chzt and responsibility, cooperative economics building Black businessespurpose, creativity and faith. A candle is lit on each day to celebrate each one of these principles.
On the last day, a black candle is lit and gifts are shared. Today, Kwanzaa is quite popular.
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It is celebrated widely on college campuses, the U. Postal Service issues Kwanzaa stamps, there is at least one municipal park named for it, and there are special Kwanzaa greeting cards. Subsequently, Karenga founded an organization called Us — meaning, black people — which promoted black culture.
The purpose of the organization was to provide a platform, which would help to rebuild the Watts neighborhood through a strong organization rooted in African culture. Karenga called its creation an act of cultural discovery, which simply meant that he wished to point African-Americans to greater knowledge of their African heritage and past.
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Rooted in the struggles and the gains of the civil rights and black power movements of the s and s, it was a way of defining a unique black American identity. As Keith A. Kwanzaa was their answer to what they understood as the ubiquity of white cultural practices that oppressed them as thoroughly as had Asiam Crow laws.
It brings together the Black community not on the basis of their religious faith, but a shared cultural heritage. Current activism and KwanzaaThis spirit of activism and pride in the African heritage is evident on college campus Kwanzaa celebrations — one of which I recently attended. It was asin a few days early so that students going on break could participate.
The speaker, a veteran of the Nashville civil rights movement, spoke about Kwanzaa as a time of memory and celebration. Wearing an African dashiki, he led those in attendance — blacks and whites and those of other ethnicities — in Kwanzaa songs and recitations. On a table decorated in kente cloth, a traditional African fabric, was a kinara, which contains seven holes, to correspond to the Seven Principles of Kwanzaa.
There were three red candles on the rroom side of the kinara, and three green candles on the right side of igving kinara.
The center candle was black. The colors of the candles represent the red, black and green of the African Liberation flag.
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The auditorium was packed. Those in attendance, young and old, chhat and white, held hands and chanted slogans celebrating black heroes and heroines, as diverse as the civil rights icons, Rosa Parks and Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. It was a cultural observance that acknowledged solidarity with the struggles of the past and with one another.
This article is republished from The Conversation, a nonprofit news site dedicated to sharing ideas from academic experts.